Aerospace and defense power FAQs
Gain some valuable technical insight into Vicor Power solutions by reviewing these frequently asked questions taken from actual customer engagements.
By Matt Renola, Sr. Director Global Sales Aerospace and Defense
Driving innovation from decades of proven experience
Since it’s inception in 1981, Vicor has a long heritage of serving customers in the aerospace and defense markets. Vicor has long supported key engagements in air, ground and shipboard power applications. Vicor high-performance MIL-COTS power modules offer high density and efficiency with reliable and robust designs backed by 30‑years of dedicated excellence in the aerospace and defense industry. Using that knowledge base we have compiled a list of commonly asked questions we feel will provide some guidance and insights along your power design journey.
Can you specify some of the programs that Vicor has provided mission critical power to?
- F-15 Fighter Aircraft
- F-16 Fig
- Eurofighter Typhoon Aircraft
- Rafale Multi-Role Combat Fighter
- Multi-Role Combat Fighter
- B-1B Lancer Strategic Bomber
- B-52 Stratofortress Long-Range Multi-Role Bomber
- CH-53 Super Stallion Heavy-Lift Helicopter
- AH-64 Apache Attack Helicopter
- CH-47/MH-47 Chinook Heavy-Lift Helicopter
- Black Hawk Multi-Mission Helicopter
- AWACS Airborne Warning & Control System
- E-2C Hawkeye Airborne Early Warning Aircraft
- EA-6B Prowler Electronic Warfare Aircraft
- Predator Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
- JSTARS Joint Surveillance & Target Attack Radar System
- NIMROD MR4A Maritime Reconnaissance Aircraft
- P-3C Orion Maritime Patrol & Anti-Submarine Warfare
- T-50 Golden Eagle Jet Trainer & Light Attack Aircraft
- C-130 Hercules Tactical Transport Aircraft
- KC-135 Stratotanker Air-to-Air Refueling Aircraft
- C-17 Globemaster Tactical Transport Aircraft
- Patriot Missile Air Defense System
- NASAMS Norwegian Surface-to-Air
- Missile System
- MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System
- TOW Anti-Tank Missile
- Tomahawk Cruise Missile
- Harpoon Anti-Ship Missile
- NSM Naval Strike Missile
- TAURUS KEPD 350 Stand-off-Weapon
- Sting Ray Lightweight Torpedo
- V-22 Osprey Medium-Lift, Multi-Mission, Tilt-Rotor Aircraft
- THAAD Terminal High Altitude Area Defense Missile System
- Global Hawk High Altitude, Long Endurance Unmanned Reconnaissance Aircraft
- Fighting Vehicle
- PUMA Tracked Infantry Fighting Vehicle
- TETS Third Echelon Test System
- Stryker 8-Wheel Drive Armored
- Combat Vehicle
- Fire Finder Radar
- Paladin 155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer
- M1A1/M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank
- CREW Counter Electronic Warfare
- Blue Force Movement Tracking System
- JTRS Joint Tactical Radio System
- Falcon Tactical Radio
- AEGIS Guided Missile Destroyer
- DDG 1000 Zumwalt Class Destroyer
- SSN Seawolf Class Attack Submarine
- NSSN Virginia Class Attack Submarine
- CEC Cooperative Engagement Capability
- MCMV Hunt Class Mine
- Countermeasures Vehicle
- NASA Space Shuttle
- International Space Station
- Air and Missile Defense Radar- AMDR SPY-6
- TACAN Tactical air navigation system
- RSS Radar Sensor Systems
- LSRS Littoral Surveillance Radar System
- AIM-9X Sidewinder Air Intercept Missile
- JAGM AGM-179 Joint Air-to-Ground Missile
- JASSM AGM-158 Joint Air-to Surface Standoff Missile
- MQ-1 Predator Pilot & Sensor Shelter
- MX-15 EO/IR Air Surveillance and reconnaissance
- M982 Excalibur extended range guided artillery shell
- U-2S/TU-2S Reconnaissance and Surveillance Aircraft
- Bradley M2/M3 Tracked Armored
- VIPER/T – Third Echelon Test System USMC
- Honeywell (Allied Signal) Boeing 737 power distribution panel
- FAB-T Family of Advanced Beyond Line of Sight Terminals
Challenges of meeting power requirements in military ground vehicles?
Military ground vehicles present various challenges when designing and meeting power requirements. Power supplies need to withstand shock and vibe requirements associated with rough terrain. Dust, humidity or sandy conditions are also present in these types of applications. Cranking voltages during vehicle start-up pull a tremendous amount of current and lower input voltage ranges. This all needs to be accounted for when deciding if your critical electronic equipment needs to ride through start up. Vicor has a long history in supporting military ground verhicle designs and can direct you to a host of standard products that meet Mil-STD-1275 requirements. MIL-STD-1275 power supply standards outline all the requirements that an engineer needs to account for when designing his/her power supply. Military vehicles distribute a nominal 28VDC bus voltage for opportuning electronic systems. According to MIL-STD-1275, ground vehicle power supplies must be able to handle transient spikes of up to +/– 250VDC for 50 micro seconds for 1msec. Vehicle surge requirements of up to 100VDC for 50msec. must be met without affecting the regulated output.
How does Vicor help engineers meet these military ground vehicle requirements?
The Vicor 28V DCM™ DC-DC Converter Modules have input ranges from 9 – 50VDC in order to address low cranking voltage and surges of up to 50VDC without affecting output regulation to your critical electronic needs. Vicor also provides MFM™ DCM filters for meeting MIL-STD-1275A/B/D/E requirements. These DC front-end modules provide EMI filtering and transient protection when used in conjunction with the Vicor 28V nominal input voltage VIA™ or ChiP™ modules.
I’m looking for a turnkey power solution as I don’t have experience in board mounted design. How can Vicor help me with that?
Vicor has design centers in North America that support build to spec or build to print system designs. These entities can customize solutions based on your statement of work (SOW). Having the Vicor highly engineered components already designed allows for quick response to provide full turn-key solutions. Vicor has many years of experience and has the design engineers and applications expertise to assist you with designing your mission critical needs.
Does Vicor have test capabilities internal?
Every module undergoes extensive post-production environmental stress screening (ESS) before shipment to verify compliance with Vicor high-quality and performance standards and to eliminate early life failures. To ensure the most effective routine for precipitating module failures, Vicor continually evaluates its ESS program and makes appropriate changes as new data becomes available or as product improvements occur. After burn-in and temperature cycling, each module undergoes final electrical testing over the specified temperature range.
I have a very wide input voltage requirement for a defense application. Is it possible to use multiple converters to handle this requirement?
When a single wide-input-range DC-DC converter results in unacceptable performance and cost, a combination of two or more DC-DC converters with overlapping input voltage ranges may be an effective alternative. Combinations of DC-DC converters with narrower but complementary input voltage ranges will typically operate at higher efficiencies and higher power densities allowing the total design to be smaller, more efficient and less costly than a single-converter solution. In applications that require ultra-wide-voltage input ranges, using a single DC-DC converter often forces a power system designer to accept significant reductions in available power, power density and system efficiency, while increasing overall system cost. Leveraging the efficiency, power density, ease-of-use and wide variety of Vicor DCM DC-DC converters, it is possible to create a smaller, more efficient and potentially less costly solutions for military applications.
What are the considerations for meeting MIL810 standards with Vicor modules?
One example of advanced packaging that improves power processing and delivery performance is the Converter housed in Package™ (ChiP) technology from Vicor. ChiP-based devices exploit symmetrical configurations placing dissipative devices on both sides of a central PCB. A thermally conductive encapsulant transfers heat to both the top and bottom surfaces effectively doubling the cooling surface area relative to the device’s PCB footprint. The module’s encapsulant allows the module to meet shock and vibration standards.
When mounting to module to a pcb the designer has to consider the module a part of a system. The system typically uses standoffs and other mechanics to meet shock and vibration standards.
For what specific applications are your products best suited?
Because our products are compact and designed with thermally-adept packaging, most are ideally suited for many MIL applications, including surveillance, communications, radar and pulsed load. Vicor has a range of 270VDC, 28VDC and 48VDC input products. A power module design approach easily addresses challenges presented by load capacity, placement and user functionality requirements. To support easy power design development, Vicor offers an online tool, the Power System Designer, to aid in selecting the appropriate product(s) to optimize your power delivery network.
If design engineers want to test Vicor solutions they have developed, is there any simulation or assistance that you offer?
Yes, we offer valuable tools online for simulations and assistance using thermal management and component calculators. In addition, we are offer demo boards and our applications engineers are available to assist with design reviews.
What is the difference between your traditional brick power supplies and your new advanced power module products?
So, as significant an advance as brick packaging technologies were, and while the brick form factors still play a role in terms of simplicity, the industry has grown to need even more dense power management devices beyond what can be accomplished with purely single-sided cooling.
One example of advanced packaging that improves power processing and delivery performance is the Converter housed in Package (ChiP) technology from Vicor. ChiP-based devices exploit symmetrical configurations placing dissipative devices on both sides of a central PCB. A thermally conductive encapsulant transfers heat to both the top and bottom surfaces effectively doubling the cooling surface area relative to the device’s PCB footprint.
How easy is it to upgrade to the new advanced power modules from bricks?
Vicor has established a power module capability spanning product design, manufacturing, simulation and selection tools. This capability allows Vicor to enable power systems designers to quickly and easily deploy high-performance power delivery networks (PDNs), from the power source to the point-of-load (PoL) for end systems extending across many different industries such as (defense and aerospace, LED lighting, etc.).
This modular power component approach signifies a new standard within the power industry, addressing the increasing power needs of modern, high-performance end systems with a methodology that also provides other power system benefits such as reduced power system footprint, high efficiency and faster time to market.
Are there any design limitations using the newer power modules?
Power delivery networks are rapidly changing within many end systems across many industries today. The power requirements for these different systems vary widely from each other and require a wide portfolio of modules to enable the maximum flexibility for a modular power component methodology to be employed. The range of modular power solutions Vicor provides include:
- AC-DC and DC-DC modules
- Power levels from 50W to over 50kW
- Currents from a few amps to 1,000A+
- Voltages from sub 1V to over 1,000V
- Isolated and non-isolated converters and regulators
- Regulated and fixed-ratio converters
- Board-mount, chassis-mount and surface-mount power module packages
In addition to the above, there are also different control features such as telemetry, compensation and programmability, plus any industry/safety certifications that can be required.
Does Vicor have products that support open architecture platforms like VITA, VPX and SOSA?
Leveraging the benefits of our DC-DC converter technology and modular building blocks, Vicor offers a range of standard and modified-standard VPX power systems for use in compact enclosures and space-constrained airborne and vehicle environments where temperature, shock and vibration conditions can be severe. There are 3U and 6U models available which are compliant to the VITA 62 standard, along with SOSA aligned models. The current products are available 3-phase AC in, 270VIN, and 28Vin, and are capable of providing one to six user-configurable outputs, with voltages from 2VDC to 48VDC. Standard features such as wide output trimming / programming, current limiting, remote sense, reverse polarity protection, logic enable / disable are available. Products meet relevant standards, including MIL-STD-810F environments, MIL-STD-461E EMI, MIL-STD-1275A B and D, MIL‑STD-704D/E/F transient compliance and MIL-STD-1399A, shock and vibration in conformance with MIL-STD-901D.
Matt Renola is Senior Director, Global Business Development – Aerospace, Defense and Satellite Business Unit at Vicor. Matt has been with Vicor for 15 years and has been responsible for managing the Vicor sales teams and global accounts in all of Vicor main vertical markets. He has over 30 years of technical sales and marketing experience and has also worked for major OEMs: Artesyn Technologies, Emerson Network Power and Vishay Intertechnology. He has an undergraduate degree from Boston College and an MSE from the University of Pennsylvania.
By Matt Renola, Sr. Director Global Sales Aerospace and Defense